Skip to main content

Our Research

With this October’s conference we share our own and invited colleagues most recent research activity on R2P.

Recent Events and Workshops

Together with international colleagues and collaborators, the School of Politics and International Studies at the University of Leeds has organised and participated in various seminars, workshops and conferences on R2P in recent years.

  • ESRC seminar: United Nations reform and R2P – June 24th 2016
  • ESRC seminar: Russia, India and the Responsibility to Protect – November 6th 2015
  • ESRC seminar: The Responsibility to Protect @ Ten – June 22-23rd 2015
  • White Rose Network: What Responsibility to Rebuild?: The Responsibility to Protect, Jus Post Bellum, and Transitional Justice – January 12th 2015
  • ESRC seminar: China and the Responsibility to Protect – December 4th 2014
  • ESRC seminar: Rising Powers and the Responsibility to Protect: Brazil, Liberal Norms, and the Responsibility while Protecting Concept” – August 1st 2014
  • Transatlantic dialogue on R2P (Professor Ralph at The Hague Institute) – July 2nd 2014
  • Evidence by Dr Adrian Gallagher to House of Commons Defence Select Committee on Syria & Iraq – October 29th 2014
  • Syria and international justice (Professor Ralph at LSE) – June 30th 2014
  • ESRC seminar: The responsibility to protect and prosecute: The ICC after Libya – April 24th 2014
  • ESRC seminar: R2P and the crisis in Libya & Syria – December 5th 2013
  • Leeds POLIS teach in: Syria: to strike or not to strike? – October 9th 2013


Aloyo, Eamon. (2016). “Reconciling Just Causes for Armed Humanitarian Intervention.” Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.19 (2): 313-328.

Aloyo, Eamon. (2015). “Just War Theory and The Last of Last Resort.” Ethics & International Affairs. 29 (2): 187-201.

Badescu (Stefan), C (2014). “The Evolution of International Responsibility: from Responsibility to Protect to Responsibility While Protecting,” Journal of International Studies, Volume 11, No. 1, pp 45-76.

Badescu, C. G.  (Stefan) (2012) Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility to Protect: Security and Human Rights. London: Routledge.

Badescu, C. G. (Stefan) (2010) “The African Union,” in D. Black and P. D. Williams, eds., The International Politics of Mass Atrocities: The Case of Darfur. London: Routledge (with L. Bergholm)

Badescu, C. G. (Stefan) (2010) “The Responsibility to Protect and the Conflict in Darfur: The Big Let-down.” Security Dialogue, Vol. 40, Issue 3, pp. 287-309 (with L. Bergholm)

Badescu, C. G. (Stefan) (2010) “Misrepresenting R2P and Advancing Norms: An Alternative Spiral?” International Studies Perspectives, Vol. 11, Issue 4, pp. 354-374 (with T.G. Weiss).

Beresford, A (2015) “A responsibility to protect Africa from the West? South Africa’s response to the NATO intervention in Libya” International Politics vol. 52 no. 3 288–304

Davies GAM (2016) “Policy selection in the face of political instability: do states divert, repress or make concessions?”, Journal of Conflict Resolution. 60.1 (2016), 118-142

Davies GAM; Johns R (2014) “Coalitions of the willing? International backing and British public support for military action”, Journal of Peace Research. 51.6 (2014), 767-781

Gallagher, A (2016) 'Conceptualising Humanity in the English School', International Theory. 8:2 pp.341-364

Gallagher, A (2015) The Promise of Pillar II: Analysing International Assistance Under The Responsibility to Protect', International Affairs. 91:6 pp.1259–1275

Gallagher, A (2015) The Responsibility to Protect Ten Years on from the World Summit: A Call to Manage Expectations Global Responsibility to Protect. 7: 3-4 pp.254-274

Gallagher, A; Ralph, J (2015) 'Legitimacy faultlines in international society: The responsibility to protect and prosecute after Libya'. Review of International Studies. 41:3 pp. 553-573.

Gallagher, A; Brown G (eds) (2015) ‘The Responsibility to Protect and Humanity‘, International Politics, special issue.

Gallagher, A (2014)’What Constitutes a “Manifest Failing”? Ambiguous and Inconsistent terminology and the Responsibility to Protect’, International Relations vol. 28 no. 4 428-444

Gallagher, A (2014) “Syria and the indicators of a ‘manifest failing’”, International Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 18, No. 1. 2014, pp. 1-19

Gallagher, A (2013) Genocide and Its Threat to Contemporary International Order. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Newman, E (2016) ‘What prospects for common humanity in a divided world? The scope for RtoP in a transitional international order’, International Politics, vol.53, no.1.

Newman, E (2013) ‘R2P: Implications for World Order’, Global Responsibility to Protect, vol.5, no.3.

Newman, E (2014) Understanding Civil Wars: Continuity and Change in Intra-State Conflict, Routledge.

Newman, E; DeRouen, K eds. (2015), Routledge Handbook of Civil Wars, Routledge.

Newman, E (2015) ‘The Responsibility to Protect, multilateralism and international legitimacy’, in Ramesh Thakur and William Maley, eds., Theorising the Responsibility to Protect, Cambridge University Press.

Newman, E; Aloyo, E. (Forthcoming, 2017 expected). “Preventing the Kinds of Conflicts that are Hardest to Resolve and Most Costly in Lives.” Oxford University Press. Eds. William Durch, Joris Larik, Richard Ponzio. (Updated version of Commission on Global Security, Justice & Governance Working Paper)

Ralph, JG; Gallagher, A (2015)  ‘Legitimacy faultlines in international society: The responsibility to protect and prosecute after Libya’. Review of International Studies

Ralph, JG; Souter, JG (2015) ‘A Special Responsibility to Protect. The UK, Australia and the Rise of Islamic State’ International Affairs 91 (4), July.

Ralph JG ed. (2015) Special Issue Symposium: The Responsibility to Protect and Prosecute. Criminal Law Forum. Springer

Ralph JG (2015) “Introduction Responsibility to Protect and to Prosecute”, Criminal Law Forum 26.1: 1-12.

Ralph JG; Gallagher, A eds. (2015).  The Responsibility to Protect at 10, double special issue of Global Responsibility to Protect  7 (4).

Ralph JG (2015) “The International Criminal Court”, In: Bellamy A; Dunne T (eds.) The Oxford Handbook on the Responsibility to Protect. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Souter, J. (2014) ‘Towards a Theory of Asylum as Reparation for Past Injustice’, Political Studies 62(2): 326-342.

Souter, J. (2014) ‘Durable Solutions as Reparation for the Unjust Harms of Displacement: Who Owes What to Refugees?’, Journal of Refugee Studies 27(2): 171-190.

Stefan, C. G. (2016) “Brazil and the ‘responsibility while protecting’ initiative: norms and the timing of diplomatic support” Global Governance. Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 41-58 (with K.M. Kenkel)

Stefan, C. G. (2016) “The Ethics of International Criminal ‘Lawfare’” International Criminal Law Review Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 237-257 (with K. Fisher)